Exploring student’s perceptions on psychological empowerment by using a business simulation


  • Nuno Arroteia De Monfort University
  • Alex Avramenko Abertay University
  • Khalid Hafeez De Monfort University


This research introduces a study exploring the impact of computerised business simulations on student’s perceptions about their psychological empowerment. The research is focused on undergraduate business students in a Higher Education institution in the UK. Psychological empowerment is a determinant of student engagement in the learning process. A survey-based instrument was designed and administered to students studying different business modules. The survey data was analysed using descriptive statistics. Subsequently, semi-structured interviews were conducted to verify the empirical findings. The results indicate a significant and positive impact of simulation-based pedagogy on intrapersonal, interactional and behavioural dimensions of students’ psychological empowerment. Furthermore, our findings also suggest that these sub-constructs are interconnected. We have also found a positive trend in student academic attainment driven by the use of computer-based business simulations. These results encourage business and enterprise professionals in Higher Education to embed simulation-centred pedagogies in the teaching and learning process as a means of supporting student learning and experience.


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Author Biographies

Nuno Arroteia, De Monfort University

Senior lecturer at Leicester Castle Business School of De Monfort University. Researcher in business and entrepreneurship education, international entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial finance.

Alex Avramenko, Abertay University

Lecturer at Dundee Business School of Abertay University. Researcher in interactive business-centred pedagogy and experiential learning.

Khalid Hafeez, De Monfort University

Professor of Digital Transformation at De Monfort University, Associate Dean for Postgraduate studies and Corporate. Researcher in experiential learning, international business and entrepreneurship.





How to Cite

Arroteia, N., Avramenko, A., & Hafeez, K. (2021). Exploring student’s perceptions on psychological empowerment by using a business simulation. Student Engagement in Higher Education Journal, 3(2), 197–221. Retrieved from https://sehej.raise-network.com/raise/article/view/1032